Trauma, aging, improper body mechanics and normal wear and tear are all things that can damage the spine. Damage to any part of the back or pressure on the nerves in the spine can cause back pain, fortunately, back surgery is required in only a small number of cases.
Most back pain problems can be taken care of with conservative nonsurgical treatments, such as physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, ice, heat and massage. Should a regime of these conservative treatments fail to have a positive impact, minimally invasive back surgery may offer relief.
While surgery is not the answer for every type of back pain, back surgery may be considered if:
- There is a condition that compresses on the spinal nerves, causing debilitating back pain or numbness along the back of the leg.
- Instances of bulging or herniated disks – the rubbery cushions separating the bones in the spine. It is important to note that many people with bulging disks may experience no back pain.
- If an injury that has caused fractured vertebrae or other damage to the spinal column that leaves it unstable.
- If a proper course of conservative treatment has failed to relieve the back pain.
Conditions including bone deformities that may require spine surgery if they are progressive and painful:
- Degenerative disk disease: the development of pain in a disk as a result of its normal wear and tear
- Radiculopathy: the irritation and inflammation of a nerve caused by a herniated disk
- Spinal stenosis: a narrowing of the spinal canal typically caused by arthritis
- Spondylolisthesis: the forward slippage of a segment of the spine
Different types of cervical and lumbar spine surgery currently provided at Canadian Surgery Solutions include:
Discectomy: This day-stay procedure involves the removal of the herniated portion of a disc to alleviate the irritation and inflammation of a nerve. The surgery typically involves the partial or full removal of the back portion of a vertebra (lamina) to access the ruptured disk.
Laminectomy: This surgery is done to enlarge the spinal canal and is performed to relieve nerve pressure caused by spinal stenosis. Typically this procedure requires up to a three-day inpatient stay.
Fusion: Spinal fusion permanently connects two or more bones in the spine to provide greater stability to relieve back pain. This procedure will require up to a five-day inpatient stay.
Our spine surgeons have substantial expertise in minimally invasive spine surgery. Contact us today to talk to one of our healthcare professionals.