Injuries can cause knee pain and swelling making it difficult to bend or put weight on it. If swelling occurs immediately following an injury, this may suggest a ligament tear or fracture. If the swelling arises over a period of many hours, the meniscus or cartilage may have been injured. Conversely, injuries causing knee pain may involve more than one structure and the symptoms may not present as straightforward. A proper assessment of your knee pain by a trained medical professional is key to a proper diagnosis. The professional may require a diagnostic test such as an x-ray, or MRI to ensure the accuracy of the diagnosis of your knee pain.
Knee pain may be intermittent and may not occur right away with activity; it might be delayed as the inflammation develops. Knee pain may be felt with specific activities, for example, knee pain while climbing stairs is a symptom of meniscus injury, whereas knee pain experienced while walking down stairs suggests patellar pain as the kneecap is forced onto the femur.
Giving way, or a feeling of instability of the knee, or popping or grinding in the knee, is associated with cartilage or meniscus tears. “Locked knee” is the term used when the knee joint refuses to completely straighten, and this is nearly always attributed to torn cartilage.
Knee Surgery – with the exception of knee replacement and certain types of trauma care, arthroscopy is the common recommended surgical approach for knees. Arthroscopy instrumentation gives surgeons a clear view of the inside of the knee, which helps them properly diagnose and treat the knee pain. Arthroscopy for the knee is almost always a day stay procedure and is most commonly used for:
- Repair/ removal of torn meniscus/cartilage
- Removal of loose fragments of bone or cartilage
- Reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
- Trimming off torn pieces of articular cartilage
- Removal of inflamed synovial tissue
Contact us today to talk to one of our healthcare professionals.